NetZeroMax.com

Sustainable Design for the 21st Century

Collision Course – Renewable Energy and the National Power Grid!

By Brent Sauser 

There is no way of escaping the fact that there are consequences to our personal decisions and actions.  That is also true for the decisions and actions made or ignored by our local, state, and federal government.  Well intended decisions often end up as obvious contradictions.  For example, the federal government encourages us to drive fuel efficient automobiles and provides monetary incentives to “sweeten” the decision to move in that direction.  However, now that so many have taken advantage of those incentives, our government is now complaining that they are not receiving enough revenue from gas taxes to cover expenses.  To compensate, the government is now floating the idea of taxing drivers by the mile instead of at the pump . . . thus totally eliminating the incentive to go hybrid.  

As more people embrace the advantages of building Net Zero, our electrical utility is faced with a growing challenge of having to deal with integrating renewable energy into the power grid, that was not designed to handle a substantial influx of variable renewable energy.  The following article from Evan Halper of the Los Angeles Times (Nation) captures the depth of the problem.  

December 2, 2013 

WASHINGTON — “In a sprawling complex of laboratories and futuristic gadgets in Golden, Colo., a supercomputer named Peregrine does a quadrillion calculations per second to help scientists figure out how to keep the lights on.

Peregrine was turned on this year by the U.S. Energy Department. It has the world’s largest “petascale” computing capability. It is the size of a Mack truck.

Its job is to figure out how to cope with a risk from something the public generally thinks of as benign — renewable energy.

Energy officials worry a lot these days about the stability of the massive patchwork of wires, substations and algorithms that keeps electricity flowing. They rattle off several scenarios that could lead to a collapse of the power grid — a well-executed cyberattack, a freak storm, sabotage.

But as states, led by California, race to bring more wind, solar and geothermal power online, those and other forms ofalternative energy have become a new source of anxiety. The problem is that renewable energy adds unprecedented levels of stress to a grid designed for the previous century.

Green energy is the least predictable kind. Nobody can say for certain when the wind will blow or the sun will shine. A field of solar panels  might be cranking out huge amounts of energy one minute and a tiny amount the next if a thick cloud arrives. In many cases, renewable resources exist where transmission lines don’t.

“The grid was not built for renewables,” said Trieu Mai, senior analyst at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory .

The frailty imperils lofty goals for greenhouse gas reductions. Concerned state and federal officials are spending billions of dollars in ratepayer and taxpayer money in an effort to hasten the technological breakthroughs needed for the grid to keep up with the demands of clean energy.

Making a green energy future work will be “one of the greatest technological challenges industrialized societies have undertaken,” a group of scholars at Caltech said in a recent report. The report notes that by 2030, about $1 trillion is expected to be spent nationwide in bringing the grid up to date.

The role of the grid is to keep the supply of power steady and predictable. Engineers carefully calibrate how much juice to feed into the system as everything from porch lights to factory machines are switched on and off. The balancing requires painstaking precision. A momentary overload can crash the system.

California has taken some of the earliest steps to address the problems. The California Public Utilities Commission last month ordered large power companies to invest heavily in efforts to develop storage technologies that could bottle up wind and solar power, allowing the energy to be distributed more evenly over time.

Whether those technologies will ever be economically viable on a large scale is hotly debated. The commission mandate nonetheless requires companies to produce enough storage by 2024 to power about 1 million homes.

“Energy storage has the potential to be a game changer for our electric grid ,” Commissioner Mark Ferron said.

Some utility officials warn, however, that the only guarantee is that ratepayers will be spending a lot. The commission’s goals, while laudable, “could cost up to $3 billion with uncertain net benefits  for customers,” Southern California Edison declared in a filing.

But regulators are desperate to move past the status quo. Already, power grid operators in some states have had to dump energy produced by wind turbines on blustery days because regional power systems had no room for it. Officials at the California Independent System Operator, which manages the grid in California, say renewable energy  producers are making the juggling act increasingly complex.

“We are getting to the point where we will have to pay people not to produce power,” said Long Beach Mayor Bob Foster, a system operator board member.

A bigger fear is that the grid is becoming more vulnerable to collapse, leaving the public exposed to the kind of blackouts that hit San Diego, parts of Arizona and a chunk of Baja California on a blistering hot September day in 2011.

Rush-hour traffic jammed as streetlights went dark. Flights  were grounded. Pumping stations came to a halt, causing sewage to flow onto beaches. People were trapped in office elevators and on rides at Sea World.

An employee’s misstep at a substation near Yuma, Ariz., caused that blackout, but energy experts see it as a harbinger of the sorts of problems that could become frequent if the nation fails to refashion its outmoded power  grid.

Foster has been working with other regulators and power company executives to redesign the system. The work involves ideas for mapping and building vast networks of electrical lines, industrial-scale solar- and wind-power plants and backup  natural gas plants that can keep the lights on when shifts in weather cause renewable sources to falter. That’s the tangible stuff they can easily explain.”  By Evan Halper – Los Angeles Times (Nation)

CLICK HERE to read the article from Evan Halper.

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